Electrical Engineering Field: An Overview

  1. Definition of electrical engineering field:

Electrical engineering is a field of specialty that manages the disciplines of electrical application fieldwork, electronics, and knowledge of electromagnetism. Historically speaking the field appeared with the invention of electricity in general, this means around the 19th century. The difference between electrical and electronics is that electronics are powered by electricity but they are more elaborate. Electrical equipment comes in the bases of electronic devices; they power them. The sequential invention afterward like a transistor, larger circuits, big power plants and others made this discipline worldwide spread. Therefore, the electronic invention is a transformation of electric power into more useful and developed form. Robots, for instance, are a very developed form of electrical based engine. Notably, robotics and computers are the ultimate systems of electronics. Many subfields have emerged also because of this development of electrical engineering discipline.

Definition of electrical equipment:

Electrical equipment list comprises any instrument, device, apparatus or engine, which is run by electric power. These electric components and equipment are principal in any electric project. Whether it is a small or large project, the use of electrical equipment is essential and obligatory. Electric tools also are tremendously important. Starting with basic electrical tools and equipment, essential component until reaching bulky equipment, we cannot abandon any of them. These are the core of any electrical system or project preparation. Engineers and electricians know very well the importance of these components in the establishment of electric schemes. Thus, the field of electrical equipment has developed a lot through decades and now we talk about automotive electrical supplies.

  1. Electric components and equipment list :

Generally speaking, when we discuss topics about the electrical equipment we make reference to electric power transmission components. To clarify more here is almost a major electrical equipment list:

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Substations: They are enormously vital in terms of its function that touches upon the process of electrical transmission. Substations are present all along the three phases of electrical delivery: during energy generation transmission and distribution. Note that remodeling and adjustment of voltage are most significant roles of substations. The automation of this instrument made its management more efficient and decreased hugely the number of circuit’s faults.

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Switchgear: In electric engineering studies, we notice the presence of three categories of switchgear high voltage, medium, and low voltage switchgear. This electrical instrument provides a high protection system for other components essential for power generation.  Subsequently, it is an efficient tool for management and control. Moreover, switchgear also has witnessed a huge development in terms of automation. Eventually, automated switchgear is among the most indispensable electrical equipment industry.


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Circuit breakers: The major problems facing electrical transmission operation is short circuits. Other damages also which circuit breakers are dealing with is a current excess of limits. The procedure of circuit breakers and disconnectors is to cease and interrupt at once the current flow after detecting any faults. The operation is life-saving and greatly essential for safety measures. The size, voltage, and design are variable and optimized according to the need.


Energy meters: Measurement devices are widely known and spread and their market of consumption is vast. Energy meters could be electricity meter, gas water or other kinds of renewable energy that needs measurement. These meters have immensely advanced in terms of technology. Now we talk about smart meters where the consumer knows exactly the amount of energy produced and the cost in real time.


Transformers: Since its invention in 1885, this electric device has had great potentials. A transformer is the cornerstone of electricity transmission in its three phases. It is present in the phase of power transmission and in distribution. These electrical components are highly used in monitoring and controlling the suitable and exact voltage needed in any phase. Transformers can be gigantic in size when placed in power plants or they could be small-sized when they are used for power distribution.





Tags: asked May 24, 2018

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