Intelligent Train Engines

We know that the railway network of India is the biggest in south Asia and perhaps the most complicated in all over the world. There are so many different types of trains local, fast, super fast, passenger, goods…. etc. and their so many multiple routs. Although the time table is perfect it is not at all possible to maintain it. And that’s why the train accidents are becoming more and more usual. So why not we add a kind of intelligence to the train engines itself so that it tries to avoid accidents.

The idea is whenever any engine observes a red signal on its track it will start decreasing its speed gradually and stops automatically at some distance from the signal pole. After then when it gets green signal the driver can manually start the train and go on. In the mean time when train has not stopped yet and a red signal becomes green then it crosses the signal pole with low speed and then driver can slowly increase the speed.

So now before the driver observes the red signal the engine itself observes it and automatically starts decreasing speed and then stops. The driver can feel relax in driving because he doesn’t have to take care about red signal. Even if he forgets to take any action on red signal then also we can avoid accidents by the implementation of this idea.

General description:

What we have to do is we have to attach a transmitter with signal pole which will start transmitting signals only when the red light is on. If there is green light no transmission. The engine has a receiver which catches these transmitted signals and takes desire actions.

Both the transmitter and receiver are of RF type with minimum range of 2 Km. so that train can get enough time to decrease its speed and stop before the signal pole with minimum swapping distance of 100-200 mt.

Here in our project we have used IR transmitter and receiver instead of RF for demo purpose. But same idea can be easily implemented with RF also with a little more cost.

Lets first discuss the demonstration model.

Demonstration Model:

The train engine runs on 24V DC motor so that we can easily vary its speed by varying applied voltage. The switching voltage is applied in step of 18 V, 15 V, 12 V and 9 V (min speed). The 230 VAC is step-down to 24 VAC by 12-0-12, 2 Ampere step down transformer. As shown in figure this 24 VAC line runs parallel with track at the top of the train. Movable tapping are taken from this line and fed to the internal circuit of engine. These tapping slides as the train runs on the track and give continuous supply to circuit. The IR sensor is placed at the top of the engine, senses the signals transmitted by IR transmitter attached to signal pole. Train track is straight and 20 ft long. Signal pole is placed at the end of track and train starts from farther end.

Model of Intelligent Train Engines
Model of Intelligent Train Engines

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322 Responses to “Intelligent Train Engines”

  1. sir, i am doing project on intelligent train so i want all it’s component list nd procedure tat how to make it and also which is better in intelligent train using pic microcontroller or 8051 microcontroller……………… plz thanq.

    Reply
  2. I AM DOING BTECH APPLIED ELECTRONICS AND INSTRUMENTATION…I WOULD LIKE TO DO THIS PROJECT
    BUT I HAVE SOME DOUBT ABOUT “IR LED” AND IR SENSOR [TSOP]
    1.WHAT IS THE RANGE OF IR LED ?
    2.WHAT IS PROPER RANGE OF TSOP?
    3. WHAT IS THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THE IR LED AND TSOP?
    4.IN OUR PROJECT WE FACE SMALL PROBLEM ,TRANSMITTER CIRCUIT AND RECEIVER CIRCUT HAVE INDIVIDUAL OUTPUT. BUT TSOP IS NOT SENSING THE IR BEAM.
    I HUMBLY REQUEST YOU TO PLZ REPLY THIS MSG

    Reply
  3. sonali shinde

    what will happen, if the red signal gets on when the train is very close to the signal pole? how our project will handle this situation..

    Plz answer as soon as possible..

    Reply
  4. sonu gupta

    sir plz send me circuit diagram, component list nd code 4 this project

    Reply
  5. naga babu

    sir i want to do this project…so plz send me components list ,crt diagram,code and neccesesary instruction..

    what will happen, if the red signal gets on when the train is very close to the signal pole? how our project will handle this situation..
    Plz answer as soon as possible..

    Reply
  6. ABHINAW AMIT

    sir,i am in 4th year and i am doing this project.but i dont have c code of this project.and my second problem is how to burn this code in controller.i am using keil uvision3 and flash magic.plz help me.
    plz ans asap.

    Reply
  7. ABHINAW AMIT

    the value of all components basically capacitors and resistors are not displayed properly.its very difficult to buy appropriate components.so kindly send me the components list thnks.

    Reply
  8. abhijeet gurav

    Sir,
    I want step wise procedure of making this project.

    Reply
    • hey..if u got the list of components nd ckt diagram..
      den please forward it to me..i want to start my project..
      mail me at this [email protected]
      as soon as possible please..
      thankyou

      Reply
  9. i require the component list and the proper circuit diagram as early as possible because i want to start my project.i wish u would reply me as soon as possible on this [email protected]
    thankyou

    Reply

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