Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching

Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterDigg thisPin on PinterestShare on LinkedInShare on StumbleUponShare on TumblrShare on Google+Email this to someone

Present project is designed using 8051 microcontroller to avoid railway accidents happening at unattended railway gates, if implemented in spirit. This project utilizes two powerful IR transmitters and two receivers; one pair of transmitter and receiver is fixed at up side (from where the train comes) at a level higher than a human being in exact alignment and similarly the other pair is fixed at down side of the train direction. Sensor activation time is so adjusted by calculating the time taken at a certain speed to cross at least one compartment of standard minimum size of the Indian railway. We have considered 5 seconds for this project. Sensors are fixed at 1km on both sides of the gate. We call the sensor along the train direction as ‘foreside sensor’ and the other as ‘aft side sensor’. When foreside receiver gets activated, the gate motor is turned on in one direction and the gate is closed and stays closed until the train crosses the gate and reaches aft side sensors. When aft side receiver gets activated motor turns in opposite direction and gate opens and motor stops. Buzzer will immediately sound at the fore side receiver activation and gate will close after 5 seconds, so giving time to drivers to clear gate area in order to avoid trapping between the gates and stop sound after the train has crossed.

The same principle is applied for track switching. Considering a situation wherein an express train and a local train are traveling in opposite directions on the same track; the express train is allowed to travel on the same track and the local train has to switch on to the other track. Two sensors are placed at the either sides of the junction where the track switches. If there’s a train approaching from the other side, then another sensor placed along that direction gets activated and will send an interrupt to the controller. The interrupt service routine switches the track.  Indicator lights have been provided to avoid collisions. Here the switching operation is performed using a stepper motor. Assuming that within a certain delay, the train has passed the track is switched back to its original position, allowing the first train to pass without any interruption. This concept of track switching can be applied at 1km distance from the stations.

The project is simple to implement and subject to further improvement.

Model of Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching
Model of Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching


Gate Control
:

Railways being the cheapest mode of transportation are preferred over all the other means .When we go through the daily newspapers we come across many railway accidents occurring at unmanned railway crossings. This is mainly due to the carelessness in manual operations or lack of workers. We, in this project has come up with a solution for the same. Using simple electronic components we have tried to automate the control of railway gates. As a train approaches the railway crossing from either side, the sensors placed at a certain distance from the gate detects the approaching train and accordingly controls the operation of the gate. Also an indicator light has been provided to alert the motorists about the approaching train.

Railway crossing
Gate control

Track Switching

Using the same principle as that for gate control, we have developed a concept of automatic track switching. Considering a situation wherein an express train and a local train are travelling in opposite directions on the same track; the express train is allowed to travel on the same track and the local train has to switch on to the other track. Indicator lights have been provided to avoid collisions .Here the switching operation is performed using a stepper motor. In practical purposes this can be achieved using electromagnets.

Track Switching
Track Switching

Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterDigg thisPin on PinterestShare on LinkedInShare on StumbleUponShare on TumblrShare on Google+Email this to someone

798 Responses to “Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching”

  1. vijay srivastava

    SIR, , I want the full details of “AUTOMATIC CROSSING GATE” . I AM WORKING AT THIS PROJECT BUT I HAVE NO FULL DETAILS . PLZ SEND THIS PROJECT INFORMATION AT MY ID vjsri95@gmail.com . IT IS MY COLLEGE ASSIGNMENT. THE LAST DATE OF SUMITTED THIS PROJECT IS “”””25 SEP 2013″”””. SO PLZ SENT DETAILS QUICKLY . ……I AM GRATEFUL TO YOU. ..THANKING YOU SIR…

    Reply
  2. ujwala ramteke

    thank u sir for inspiring us. i saw ur experiment carefully and was ausome.

    Reply
  3. i’m interested in doing this project so plz send complete information regarding to my mail id.

    Reply
  4. sir i want to make this project with some extra features such as i want also open the door of train at the source and destination station plz give me suggestion and send the document related to this project .

    Reply
  5. Sir, i want full details about this project.my project name is “Development of automatic railway gate control without human involvement”.am using Pic18F452 controller and 2 Rf434 modules to wireless communication purpuse.and i did’t use stepper moter,i was using lcd display ,it displays like gate is closed or gate is opened.please send the details about this project sir.

    Reply
  6. Sir, i want full description of Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching project.
    plzzzzzz send me as soon as possible. I am doing this as my minor project .so please send me the details of this project with circuit diagram, circuit diagrams of 8051 interfacing with stepper motor, IR sensors interfacing with 8051 ,full description, component list and program code to my mail id. So if u kindly send me the detail required for this project then i will be grateful to you. thanking you.

    Reply
  7. JITENDRA SHARNAGAT

    SIR, , I want the full details of “AUTOMATIC CROSSING GATE” . I AM WORKING AT THIS PROJECT BUT I HAVE NO FULL DETAILS . PLZ SEND THIS PROJECT INFORMATION AT MY ID – jitendrasharnagat22@gmail.com IT IS MY COLLEGE ASSIGNMENT. THE LAST DATE OF SUMITTED THIS PROJECT IS 26 SEP 2013. SO PLZ SENT DETAILS QUICKLY.I AM GRATEFUL TO YOU. THANKING YOU SIR

    Reply
  8. sir,
    I want full description of Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching project.
    plz send me as soon as possible. I am doing this as my minor project .so please send me the details of this project with circuit diagram, circuit diagrams of 8051 interfacing with stepper motor, IR sensors interfacing with 8051 ,full description, component list and program code to my mail id. So if u kindly send me the detail required for this project then i will be grateful to you. thanking you…

    Reply
  9. rishabh mishra

    sir i need ur help.i want this project using 8051 microcontroller and its proper coding please send all the related information to my mail account ,this would be a great help thanj you very much sir

    Reply
  10. MODI MIHIR

    SIR, , I want the full details of “AUTOMATIC CROSSING GATE” . I AM WORKING AT THIS PROJECT BUT I HAVE NO FULL DETAILS . PLZ SEND THIS PROJECT INFORMATION AT MY ID – modimihir55@gmail.com IT IS MY COLLEGE ASSIGNMENT. THE LAST DATE OF SUMITTED THIS PROJECT IS 26 SEP 2013. SO PLZ SENT DETAILS QUICKLY.

    Reply
  11. Nikhi Goyal

    Sir.I am interested in this project.Please,send me the full information along with Physical Construction to my mail id.

    Reply
  12. SIDDHARTHA SENAPATI

    sir, i am intrested to do this project ,plz provide me the complet details about the project in my mail

    Reply
  13. sir,
    i am doing the project railway automation .but i did not get output in programing section .i am using 8051 .so please send the programing part to my mail id neelimackd@gmail.com.sir my presentation on 1st october .plesse send sir.

    Reply

Leave a Reply