Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching

Present project is designed using 8051 microcontroller to avoid railway accidents happening at unattended railway gates, if implemented in spirit. This project utilizes two powerful IR transmitters and two receivers; one pair of transmitter and receiver is fixed at up side (from where the train comes) at a level higher than a human being in exact alignment and similarly the other pair is fixed at down side of the train direction. Sensor activation time is so adjusted by calculating the time taken at a certain speed to cross at least one compartment of standard minimum size of the Indian railway. We have considered 5 seconds for this project. Sensors are fixed at 1km on both sides of the gate. We call the sensor along the train direction as ‘foreside sensor’ and the other as ‘aft side sensor’. When foreside receiver gets activated, the gate motor is turned on in one direction and the gate is closed and stays closed until the train crosses the gate and reaches aft side sensors. When aft side receiver gets activated motor turns in opposite direction and gate opens and motor stops. Buzzer will immediately sound at the fore side receiver activation and gate will close after 5 seconds, so giving time to drivers to clear gate area in order to avoid trapping between the gates and stop sound after the train has crossed.

The same principle is applied for track switching. Considering a situation wherein an express train and a local train are traveling in opposite directions on the same track; the express train is allowed to travel on the same track and the local train has to switch on to the other track. Two sensors are placed at the either sides of the junction where the track switches. If there’s a train approaching from the other side, then another sensor placed along that direction gets activated and will send an interrupt to the controller. The interrupt service routine switches the track.  Indicator lights have been provided to avoid collisions. Here the switching operation is performed using a stepper motor. Assuming that within a certain delay, the train has passed the track is switched back to its original position, allowing the first train to pass without any interruption. This concept of track switching can be applied at 1km distance from the stations.

The project is simple to implement and subject to further improvement.

Model of Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching
Model of Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching


Gate Control
:

Railways being the cheapest mode of transportation are preferred over all the other means .When we go through the daily newspapers we come across many railway accidents occurring at unmanned railway crossings. This is mainly due to the carelessness in manual operations or lack of workers. We, in this project has come up with a solution for the same. Using simple electronic components we have tried to automate the control of railway gates. As a train approaches the railway crossing from either side, the sensors placed at a certain distance from the gate detects the approaching train and accordingly controls the operation of the gate. Also an indicator light has been provided to alert the motorists about the approaching train.

Railway crossing
Gate control

Track Switching

Using the same principle as that for gate control, we have developed a concept of automatic track switching. Considering a situation wherein an express train and a local train are travelling in opposite directions on the same track; the express train is allowed to travel on the same track and the local train has to switch on to the other track. Indicator lights have been provided to avoid collisions .Here the switching operation is performed using a stepper motor. In practical purposes this can be achieved using electromagnets.

Track Switching
Track Switching

841 Responses to “Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching”

  1. sir please send me full details about automatic railway gate and also the materials what we want to use where we have to get plz sir . iam studying aeronautical enginnering

    Reply
  2. sir am interested to do this project pls send me details of this project ,
    please ,,,,,,,

    Reply
  3. Shreyas Dhaware

    sir am interested to do this project pls send me details of this project ,
    please

    Reply
  4. AMAN DHURWEY

    Sir can you please send me the full instructions and materials required to make this model. Could you please send them as soon sa possible.

    Reply
  5. SHIVANI CHOUHAN

    Sir, please send me this project details ,necessary circuit & program, EQUIPMENT DETAILS

    Reply
  6. SHIVANI CHOUHAN

    Sir, please send me this project details ,necessary circuit & program, EQUIPMENT DETAILS

    Reply
  7. SHIVANI CHOUHAN

    Sir, please send me this project details ,necessary circuit & program, EQUIPMENT DETAILS

    Reply
  8. srinivasulu.v

    Sir please send me the full list of materials required and the procedure ……

    Reply
  9. SRUTHI M. K.

    Sir, I am looking forward to do this project. Will you be pleased to send me with necessary details circuit diagram, program and equipment details.. …..

    Reply
  10. Sir I would like to do this project. Will u be kind of me to send the circuit diagram ,program and equipment details. .

    Reply
  11. nitish Singh

    Sir, please send me this project details,necessary circuit & program, EQUIPMENT DETAILS. plzzz sir plzzz plzzz plzz :-(

    Reply
  12. Sir, please send me this project details,necessary circuit & program,equipment details etc

    Reply
  13. Mani Sathish

    Sir, please sent me the circuit diagram and equipment details plz sent me sir I have a project review on day after tomorrow

    Reply
  14. sir,plz send me the circuit diagram ,coding,and detailed description about the project.if you do me this help,then it will be very useful to complete my project

    Reply
  15. Sir, plz send me this project details,necessary circuit & program,equipment details etc

    Reply
  16. Sir, plz send me this project details,circuit & program,component details .

    Reply

Leave a Reply